Terms and conditions of use

I. Copyright and reproduction

SIPRI’s general policies on granting permission for the use of its website, photocopying of print publications, copying of digital publications and the ‘fair use’ of content and SIPRI data sets are outlined here.

Except as outlined below, all rights are reserved.
‘Fair use’ of SIPRI content is defined as
  • the excerption of SIPRI copyrighted material for such purposes as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research in which the use is for non-commercial purposes
  • the reproduction of less than 10 per cent of a published data set. 

NB: Both the above conditions must apply to count as fair use.
Fair use is freely authorized as long as due reference is given to the specific SIPRI source or sources.


Reproduction of contents of the SIPRI website

SIPRI freely authorizes the downloading and/or printing of the contents of its website for any non-commercial use. You may use or cite the contents of the website only if you give a clear reference to its source. For any commercial use of the content on this website (e.g. repurposing or reprinting data and content for cash sales), please obtain written permission from SIPRI. For use of non-SIPRI material, permission must be obtained from the copyright owner.

Since the SIPRI website is frequently updated and modified, you should not copy contents from the SIPRI website for reproduction on your own website. Instead, you should create links to pages on the SIPRI website. Creating links to the SIPRI website is freely permitted, so long as this is done in a manner that is not misleading, e.g. does not imply endorsement by or affiliation with SIPRI. Please inform webmaster@sipri.org when such links are created.

Reproduction of SIPRI publications

Permission to photocopy SIPRI print publications by institutions, educators, and other users may be obtained from SIPRI.

For photocopying and scanning of SIPRI publications by all others: you may make single copies for your own private use. For all other purposes, such as copies made for any public or commercial purpose, or if copies will be sold at a cash price to readers, permission should be obtained from SIPRI.

Authors and publishers who intend to reproduce a SIPRI publication in whole or in part should contact SIPRI with details of the text for which permission is sought and the publication in which it is to be reproduced (including the price, print run and intended distribution).

II. Terms and conditions of usage of the SIPRI website

Usage of SIPRI’s website constitutes agreement with the following terms and conditions.

Personal, non-commercial usage

SIPRI grants permission to visit its website and to download and copy information, data, documents, and materials from the SIPRI website for personal, non-commercial usage only, without any right to resell or redistribute them or to compile or create derivative works, subject to these terms and conditions of usage and also subject to more specific restrictions that may apply to particular information within the website. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved.

Commercial usage

SIPRI offers services and applies fees for commercial usage of its information.

On request to SIPRI, specific data and information packages can be obtained.


The information on the SIPRI website is provided ‘as is’ and without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, without limitation, warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.

SIPRI shall not be liable for any losses or damages incurred or suffered in connection with its website, including, without limitation, any direct, indirect, incidental, special, or consequential damages, even if SIPRI has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

Except where expressly stated, the materials on this website represent views of the authors thereof and are not necessarily those of SIPRI, its Governing Board or its Advisory Committee. SIPRI does not endorse the accuracy or reliability of any information provided on its website by third parties, or of any information in third-party websites and publications that may be linked to the SIPRI website or referred to within it.

All postings to forums on the website become the sole property of SIPRI, which reserves the right to modify or remove them. SIPRI shall have no obligation to review or screen any postings, but postings to moderated forums may not appear on this website until after the moderator has approved them. Postings to the SIPRI website, whether approved by a moderator or not, are not endorsed by SIPRI. Visitors shall use forums on the SIPRI website solely for lawful and ethical purposes related to the subject of each particular forum.

This website may include content that has been translated from English or to English. While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of translations, the version used by SIPRI is the English version of the document, as English is the working language of SIPRI.


SIPRI reserves the right in its sole discretion, without notice or obligation to take the needs of any user into consideration, to modify or terminate its website and to deny any user access to its website or any portion thereof.

These terms and conditions of usage constitute the entire agreement between the parties with respect to the subject matter hereof. No waiver or amendment of these terms and conditions of usage shall be binding upon SIPRI unless in writing and signed by its duly authorized representative.

These terms and conditions of usage will be interpreted in accordance with the laws of Sweden.