Military Expenditure

The SIPRI military expenditure project was established in 1967 to study developments in world military expenditure. Military expenditure is an indicator of the economic resources devoted to military purposes. The project monitors and analyses trends in military expenditure over time, looking at their economic, political and security drivers and their implications for global peace, security and development.

SIPRI MILEX DATA LAUNCH 2016

The SIPRI Military Expenditure Database, containing data from 1988 to the most recent full calendar year (2015), has been updated. Read more about recent trends in world military expenditure here.

 

RECENT MEDIA COVERAGE

 

'Half of Saudi Arabia's Military Purchases To Be Local', Defense News, 25 April 2016
'Aude Fleurant: La base de départ du prochain cycle haussier pourrait mener à des niveaux jamais vus depuis la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale (Aude Fleurant: "The starting point of the next bull cycle could lead to levels of military spending not seen since the end of World War II")', OSINTPOL, 20 April 2016
'Asian military spending growth much higher than global rate: SIPRI', International Business Times, 6 April 2016
'Saudi Arabia passes Russia as world’s third biggest military spender', The Washington Post, 5 April 2016
'World military spending on the up again - SIPRI', Defence Web, 6 April 2016
'Saudi Arabia passes Russia as world’s third biggest military spender', The Washington Post, 5 April 2016
'Global military spending nearly $1.7T amid Mideast conflicts' , The Washington Times , 5 April 2016
'SIPRI: Global military spending rises for the first time since 2011', Deutsche Welle, 5 April 2016
'US, China, Saudi Arabia Biggest Military Spenders in 2015: Report', Tasnim News Agency, 5 April 2016
'Rüstungsausgaben stiegen 2015 weltweit erstmals wieder an (Military expenditure to rise in 2015 the world's first again)', Online Focus, 5 April 2016
'Mideast conflicts fueling major rise in global military spending', The Times of Israel, 5 April 2016
'World military spending resumes upward course', Ukraine Today, 5 April 2016
'Just 10% of global military spending could make big impact on poverty: think tank', The Japan Times, 5 April 2016
'China’s slowing economy leads to smallest increase in military spending in years', The Washington Post, 4 March 2016
'Gasta más Peña que Calderón en armamento (Calderon Peña spends more on weapons)', Contralinea, 7 February 2016


See more SIPRI in the media here.

Database
The SIPRI database on military expenditure covers 172 countries and contains consistent data for the period since 1988. Data for the most recent 10-year period are published in the SIPRI Yearbook. Data from 1988 is available in the SIPRI military expenditure database on-line. SIPRI provides the only long-term, historically consistent series of military expenditure data with global coverage available. SIPRI military expenditure data are based on a variety of open sources which are processed to achieve consistent time series and are as far as possible in accordance with the SIPRI definition of military expenditure. See also Sources and methods for SIPRI data on military expenditure.

World military expenditure in 2015 was an estimated $1676 billion, representing an increase of about 1.0 per in real terms from 2014. Total expenditure was equivalent to 2.3 per cent of global gross domestic product (GDP). This is the first increase in world military spending since 2011. The total rose continuously for 13 years from 1988 to 2011, before decreasing slightly between 2011 and 2014.

Read more about recent trends in military expenditure for 2015 here.

Monitoring
What is military expenditure, and why should we be interested in measuring it? How easy is it to obtain reliable information on military expenditure, and what are the problems involved in producing data that are consistent over time and comparable across countries?The SIPRI military expenditure project was initiated in 1967 to study developments in world military expenditure. The current SIPRI database on military expenditure covers 172 countries and contains consistent data for the period since 1988. Data for the most recent 10-year period are published annually in the SIPRI Yearbook. Data from 1988 is available in the SIPRI military expenditure database on-line. SIPRI provides the only long-term, historically consistent series of military expenditure data with global coverage available today. Read more...
Questions of 'national security' are a sensitive issue for all countries, and are often the subject of considerable secrecy. Most countries provide at least some information about their military expenditure, but this may often lack detail or omit significant items of extra-budgetary or off-budget expenditure. A broader issue is that of military budget processes: who has an input into setting the military budget, and what is the policy basis for it? What role, if any, is there for parliament and civil society? And is the actual spending subject to independent monitoring and auditing? Where transparency and accountability are lacking in military spending and budgeting, this can lead to uncertainty amongst neighbouring countries, prevent citizens from getting a proper picture of how public funds are being spent, and can open the door to corruption. Read more...

STAFF

 

SIPRI’s International Arms Transfers, Arms Production and Military Expenditure projects are now combined into one programme, the SIPRI Arms and Military Expenditure Programme.  

Need more information on SIPRI military spending data? Before consulting our team, the answer you're looking for may be here, in our database, our latest fact sheet, or our frequently asked questions.

SIPRI DATABASE ON MILITARY EXPENDITURE

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Frequently Asked Questions

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