|The SIPRI military expenditure project was established in 1967 to study developments in world military expenditure. Military expenditure is an indicator of the economic resources devoted to military purposes. The project monitors and analyses trends in military expenditure over time, looking at their economic, political and security drivers and their implications for global peace, security and development.
|SIPRI MILEX DATA LAUNCH 2014
The SIPRI Military Expenditure Database, containing data from 1988 to the most recent full calendar year (2013), has been updated. Read more about recent trends in world military expenditure here.
RECENT MEDIA COVERAGE
'PunditFact: Fact-checking military might, trust in government', Tampa Bay Times, 6 October 2014
'Why the Chinese military is only a paper dragon', The Week, 24 September 2014
'Singapore defence market: Expenditure forecast to reach $13.4 billion by 2018', TransWorldNews, 18 September 2014
‘Japanese hard power: Rising to the challenge’, American Enterprise Institute (AEI), 25 August 2014
‘India launches first home-built anti-submarine ship to counter China’, Free News Pos, 25 August 2014
‘Southeast Asia Boosting Homegrown Defense’, Defence Talk, 20 August 2014
See more SIPRI in the media here.
The SIPRI database on military expenditure
covers 172 countries and contains consistent data for the period since 1988. Data for the most recent 10-year period are published in the SIPRI Yearbook. Data from 1988 is available in the SIPRI military expenditure database on-line. SIPRI provides the only long-term, historically consistent series of military expenditure data with global coverage available. SIPRI military expenditure data are based on a variety of open sources which are processed to achieve consistent time series and are as far as possible in accordance with the SIPRI definition of military expenditure. See also Sources and methods
for SIPRI data on military expenditure.
World military expenditure in 2013 totaled $1747 billion, around 2.4 per cent of world GDP. This was the second consecutive year in which spending fell, and the rate of decrease was higher than the 0.4 per cent fall in 2012. A pattern has been well established in recent years whereby military spending has fallen in the West-that is, in North America, Western and Central Europe, Oceania while it has increased in other regions. This tendency was even more pronounced in 2013, with military spending increasing in every region and sub-region outside the West. Read more about recent trends in military expenditure for 2013 here.
What is military expenditure, and why should we be interested in measuring it? How easy is it to obtain reliable information on military expenditure, and what are the problems involved in producing data that are consistent over time and comparable across countries?The SIPRI military expenditure project was initiated in 1967 to study developments in world military expenditure. The current SIPRI database on military expenditure covers 172 countries and contains consistent data for the period since 1988. Data for the most recent 10-year period are published annually in the SIPRI Yearbook. Data from 1988 is available in the SIPRI military expenditure database on-line. SIPRI provides the only long-term, historically consistent series of military expenditure data with global coverage available today. Read more...
Questions of 'national security' are a sensitive issue for all countries, and are often the subject of considerable secrecy. Most countries provide at least some information about their military expenditure, but this may often lack detail or omit significant items of extra-budgetary or off-budget expenditure. A broader issue is that of military budget processes: who has an input into setting the military budget, and what is the policy basis for it? What role, if any, is there for parliament and civil society? And is the actual spending subject to independent monitoring and auditing? Where transparency and accountability are lacking in military spending and budgeting, this can lead to uncertainty amongst neighbouring countries, prevent citizens from getting a proper picture of how public funds are being spent, and can open the door to corruption. Read more...