Feb. 13: Sanctions beyond borders: how to make North Korea sanctions work

by Hugh Griffiths and Lawrence Dermody
North Korea’s recent nuclear test has led to demands for a new round of United Nations sanctions against the country, but the title of a recent Foreign Policy blog post, ‘Is there anything in North Korea left to sanction?’ neatly summarizes the problem facing UN diplomats—and in the process points out one of the key weaknesses in the current sanctions regime.

Revisiting the Stockholm Process

Successive rounds of progressively tougher UN sanctions—in language, at least—have not put an end to North Korean nuclear tests, nor—as reports by the UN Group of Experts attached to the UN Sanctions Committee make clear—have they ended illicit transfers of North Korea-related conventional weapons and goods and technologies that could be used in the manufacture of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). 

One reason is that the sanctions have targeted North Korean companies and state institutions that are impervious to sanctions because they are not embedded in the global economy. However, fundamental changes in the nature and modus operandi of the traffickers, and the location of many of the key actors and activities outside North Korea’s borders have in fact opened up new possibilities for the effective targeting of sanctions. 

Ten years ago this week, the findings of the Stockholm Process were presented to the UN Security Council. The Stockholm Process was the third in a series of initiatives exploring how to make targeted sanctions—sanctions that seek to penalize named individuals and entities rather than a whole country—‘smarter’. 

The first two initiatives, the Interlaken and Bonn–Berlin processes, had developed new models for financial sanctions, arms embargoes, and travel and aviation-related sanctions. The Stockholm Process looked at how best to implement them. The recommendations that came out of it were aimed at, among other things, making targeted sanctions more flexible and responsive; maintaining broad international support for the sanctions; and minimizing the negative impacts on civilian populations.

In the intervening years, much has been learned and applied. However, sanctions evasion and embargo violation are dynamic activities. North Korea-related proliferation networks have also been learning and innovating. 

The relevance of the Stockholm Process framework to the case of North Korea, with its desperately poor population and relatively small number of individuals involved in arms smuggling and proliferation, is clear.


North Korean trafficking networks: decentralized, outsourced and offshore

With sanctions drawing unwanted attention to North Korean companies and fleets, actors seeking to continue North Korea-related arms trafficking and proliferation activities have gone global. Taking their cue from drug trafficking networks, they use the tools of global trade to camouflage cash flows, commodity transfers and end use strategies also reminiscent of the tax avoidance and evasion methods of transnational corporations.

The result is that North Korea-linked proliferation activity is now firmly established beyond North Korea’s borders and sometimes beyond the borders of any regulated state, in what can be described as the offshore economy: companies operating in deregulated business or free-trade zones, ports and financial centres that have proved so conducive to legitimate forms of international trade. Shipments involve the outriders of globalization: offshore bank accounts, flag-of-convenience ships and passports, honorary consuls, free-trade zones and containerization. 

This decentralization has inevitably involved more UN member states in acts of sanctions evasion. Shipments of North Korea-linked arms and proliferation-related goods have been seized in emerging Asian mega-ports, shipped unwittingly by some of the most modern container ships owned by the world’s most prestigious shipping lines, including the Asian subsidiaries of European companies. At the same time, citizens of those states most vocal in their concern about North Korean WMD proliferation have been identified as playing key roles in the logistics of these illicit transfers. These roles have included registering or managing ships; and acting as directors, secretaries or sponsors of front companies used in multi-layered company holding processes used to camouflage the true identity and nature of the suppliers or end-users of the trafficked goods.

The Stockholm Process bears directly on such commercial actors. They can be vital partners in implementing and monitoring sanctions. Equally, if they are knowingly involved in sanctions evasion, they can be designated as sanctions targets.


Exploiting the transportation–proliferation financing nexus

In all this there remain some vestiges of North Korean state involvement: businesses operated from embassies, the use of diplomatic passports and bulk cash transfers by trusted couriers. These interact with foreign-based or roaming North Korean intermediaries whose associations, experiences and language skills may be traced back to the pre-1989 era when North Korea enjoyed foreign or military-to-military relations with a range of single party, Marxist-orientated states.

The entities that make up these decentralized logistical networks are by nature highly adaptable, amorphous and resilient. However, sometimes they must interact with the legitimate companies that ship their goods and with the banks that hold or transfer their funds or convert their currencies. These can be the weakest points of their secretive operations.

The key point of departure to improve the targeting of sanctions—but an area that remains underexplored—is the nexus between transportation and proliferation financing. The shipping documentation that accompanies an illicit cargo may provide clear indications of the identity of logistics actors that were knowingly complicit in the process. From these beginnings, detailed fieldwork and forensic financial analysis may be able to identify the fiduciaries, bank accounts and related financial transactions, together with the silent partners, engaged in this systematic but clandestine trade.


Making targeted sanctions work

There are also past examples from UN sanctions and related regional and unilateral measures that have successfully targeted actors operating in the offshore economy. These include sanctions enacted under the international embargoes on the Democratic Republic of the Congo Liberia and Sierra Leone (which forced the convicted arms trafficker Viktor Bout to transfer his aircraft fleet to a variety of other operators and curtailed his air cargo business). Another example is the ban on providing insurance to the ships of the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines (IRISL), which has restricted the movement of an operator reportedly used in shipments of proliferation concern.

Some of these measures have proved controversial—for example, IRISL claims that it is a victim of collective punishment and has pursued a case through the European Court of Justice—in part because the designation of particular individuals and businesses as sanctions targets has not always been transparent, being based on sensitive intelligence. A trail of court-admissible evidence that begins with publicly available transportation documents and ends with bank accounts linked to certain individuals or companies could allay much of the doubt in the international community.

The best chance for success for this process is if all states concerned are willing to join such investigations and implement agreed sanctions that properly target the offshore actors and extraterritorial processes that enable sanctions evasion beyond North Korea’s borders. For this, an agreed set of principles, such as those put forward by the Stockholm Process, may provide a basis for future action.

 

Hugh Griffiths is a senior researcher at SIPRI and heads SIPRI’s Countering Illicit Trafficking–Mechanism Assessment Projects (CIT–MAP). Lawrence Dermody is a SIPRI researcher working for CIT-MAP.
les bottes ugg 2013
les bottes ugg 2013 says:
Oct 26, 2014 11:23 PM

<a href="http://www.air-tertiaire.com/bottesugg/ugg-couleur-chataigne-leclerc-21456p.html#">ugg couleur chataigne leclerc</a> <a href="http://www.climovent.com/imitationugg/boutique-ugg-paris-rue-saint-honor茅-uhren-391995p.html#">boutique ugg paris rue saint honor茅 uhren</a> <a href="http://www.aldes.com/fr/doudoune-moncler-chamonix-906267p.html#">doudoune moncler chamonix</a> <a href="http://www.aldes.com/voeux2014/magasins-ugg-paris-632017p.html#">magasins ugg paris</a> <a href="http://2cmontagne.com/Scripts/canada-goose-pas-cher-doudoune-l茅g猫re-559160p.html#">canada goose pas cher doudoune l茅g猫re</a> <a href="http://www.trema-aspiration.fr/canadagoosepascher/parka-canada-goose-pas-cher-avis-client-213197p.html#">parka canada goose pas cher avis client</a> <a href="http://2cmontagne.com/Styles/moncler-manteau-femme-prix-967964p.html#">moncler manteau femme prix</a> <a href="http://2cmontagne.com/images/ugg-couleur-chataigne-leclerc-312617p.html#">ugg couleur chataigne leclerc</a> <a href="http://www.aldes.com/voeux2014/ugg-pas-cher-pour-bebe-youtube-122644p.html#">ugg pas cher pour bebe youtube</a> <a href="http://www.dyvac.com/Templates/parka-canada-goose-suisse-prix-971346p.html#">parka canada goose suisse prix</a> <a href="http://ville-saint-sauveur.fr/upload/images/acheter-moncler-914074p.html#">acheter moncler</a> <a href="http://www.zanussicentralvac.fr/videos/parka-montebello-canada-goose-prix-959388p.html#">parka montebello canada goose prix</a> <a href="http://www.trema-aspiration.fr/uggbottespascher/mini-ugg-noir-strass-530213p.html#">mini ugg noir strass</a> <a href="http://www.air-tertiaire.com/goosepascher/canada-goose-borden-bomber-homme-374179p.html#">canada goose borden bomber homme</a> <a href="http://2cmontagne.com/Scripts/parka-goose-pas-cher-lloyd-991697p.html#">parka goose pas cher lloyd</a> <a href="http://ville-saint-sauveur.fr/upload/images/acheter-canada-goose-pas-cher-montreal-maroc-525378p.html#">acheter canada goose pas cher montreal maroc</a> <a href="http://ville-saint-sauveur.fr/upload/images/ugg-pas-cher-noir-yeux-867749p.html#">ugg pas cher noir yeux</a> <a href="http://www.zanussicentralvac.fr/videos/canada-goose-pas-cher-doudoune-l茅g猫re-398241p.html#">canada goose pas cher doudoune l茅g猫re</a> <a href="http://www.dyvac.com/Templates/canada-goose-chateau-noir-got-715764p.html#">canada goose chateau noir got</a> <a href="http://www.zanussicentralvac.fr/clean/botte-ugg-2013-299092p.html#">botte ugg 2013</a> <a href="http://www.air-tertiaire.com/goosepascher/canada-goose-pas-cher-vrai-652903p.html#">canada goose pas cher vrai</a> <a href="http://ville-saint-sauveur.fr/upload/images/doudoune-moncler-pas-cher-contrefacon-846331p.html#">doudoune moncler pas cher contrefacon</a> <a href="http://www.aldes.com/fr/magasin-moncler-liege-600438p.html#">magasin moncler liege</a> <a href="http://www.air-tertiaire.com/goosepascher/acheter-canada-goose-pas-cher-montreal-maroc-384011p.html#">acheter canada goose pas cher montreal maroc</a> <a href="http://www.aldes-international.com/monclerdoudoune/prix-moncler-homme-251570p.html#">prix moncler homme</a> <a href="http://www.zanussicentralvac.fr/produits/doudoune-moncler-2010-xls-899598p.html#">doudoune moncler 2010 xls</a> <a href="http://ville-saint-sauveur.fr/upload/images/acheter-canada-goose-quebec-949408p.html#">acheter canada goose quebec</a> <a href="http://www.trema-aspiration.fr/canadagoosepascher/prix-parka-canada-goose-expedition-unknown-762209p.html#">prix parka canada goose expedition unknown</a> <a href="http://ville-saint-sauveur.fr/upload/images/canada-goose-chateau-parka-solde-2014-729084p.html#">canada goose chateau parka solde 2014</a> <a href="http://www.zanussicentralvac.fr/produits/moncler-60th-anniversary-415297p.html#">moncler 60th anniversary</a> <a href="http://www.trema-aspiration.fr/moncler-doudoune-prix/doudoune-moncler-crecerelle-femmes-fourrure-col-noir-yeux-402440p.html#">doudoune moncler crecerelle femmes fourrure col noir yeux</a> <a href="http://www.aldes.com/fr/prix-moncler-homme-solde-811649p.html#">prix moncler homme solde</a> <a href="http://ville-saint-sauveur.fr/upload/images/botte-ugg-nancy-641188p.html#">botte ugg nancy</a> <a href="http://www.dyvac.com/image/boutique-ugg-sydney-716244p.html#">boutique ugg sydney</a> <a href="http://www.air-tertiaire.com/goosepascher/doudoune-canada-goose-ebay-475288p.html#">doudoune canada goose ebay</a> <a href="http://www.trema-aspiration.fr/canadagoosepascher/doudoune-canada-goose-eshop-card-337482p.html#">doudoune canada goose eshop card</a> <a href="http://www.dyvac.com/transfert/acheter-moncler-453766p.html#">acheter moncler</a> <a href="http://www.trema-aspiration.fr/moncler-doudoune-prix/veste-moncler-femme-rouge-962451p.html#">veste moncler femme rouge</a> <a href="http://www.climovent.com/canadagoosehomme/parka-canada-goose-en-solde-197678p.html#">parka canada goose en solde</a> <a href="http://ville-saint-sauveur.fr/upload/images/parka-goose-pas-cher-lloyd-223414p.html#">parka goose pas cher lloyd</a>
les bottes ugg 2013 http://ville-saint-sauveur.fr/upload/images/les-bottes-ugg-2013-815552p.html

canada goose mode
canada goose mode says:
Oct 28, 2014 05:43 AM

<a href="http://www.ffem.fr/html/ffem/monclerpascher/moncler-himalaya-prezzo-actuCtnId454093.html#">moncler himalaya prezzo</a> <a href="http://www.proparco.fr/html/proparco/doudounecanadagoosehomme/veste-canada-goose-homme-pas-cher-actuCtnId280014.html#">veste canada goose homme pas cher</a> <a href="http://www.ffem.fr/html/ffem/uggbottes/ugg-femme-bailey-button-actuCtnId14495.html#">ugg femme bailey button</a> <a href="http://www.cefeb.org/html/cefeb/canadagoosedoudoune/parka-femme-canada-goose-pas-cher-actuCtnId347418.html#">parka femme canada goose pas cher</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/canadagoosepascher/veste-goose-canada-actuCtnId638361.html#">veste goose canada</a> <a href="http://www.ffem.fr/html/ffem/canadagoosepascher/canada-goose-parka-skreslet-prix-actuCtnId290144.html#">canada goose parka skreslet prix</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/ugg-pas-cher-marseille-actuCtnId106137.html#">ugg pas cher marseille</a> <a href="http://www.ffem.fr/html/ffem/uggbottes/bottes-facon-ugg-pas-cher-actuCtnId344738.html#">bottes facon ugg pas cher</a> <a href="http://www.ffem.fr/html/ffem/uggbottes/bottes-ugg-pas-chere-actuCtnId858875.html#">bottes ugg pas chere</a> <a href="http://www.ffem.fr/html/ffem/uggbottes/much-do-uggs-cost-france-actuCtnId603813.html#">much do uggs cost france</a> <a href="http://www.proparco.fr/html/proparco/uggbottessoldes/ugg-australia-prix-actuCtnId723805.html#">ugg australia prix</a> <a href="http://www.proparco.fr/html/proparco/uggbottessoldes/ugg-soldes-canada-actuCtnId433454.html#">ugg soldes canada</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/prix-ugg-boutique-actuCtnId279254.html#">prix ugg boutique</a> <a href="http://www.ffem.fr/html/ffem/uggbottes/ugg-boots-prix-actuCtnId881200.html#">ugg boots prix</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/bottes-ugg-en-france-actuCtnId455230.html#">bottes ugg en france</a> <a href="http://www.proparco.fr/html/proparco/uggbottessoldes/magasin-ugg-actuCtnId598403.html#">magasin ugg</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/ugg-bottes-a-la-mode-actuCtnId451460.html#">ugg bottes a la mode</a> <a href="http://www.proparco.fr/html/proparco/uggbottessoldes/bottes-ugg-grise-actuCtnId872824.html#">bottes ugg grise</a> <a href="http://www.cefeb.org/html/cefeb/uggpascher/bottes-ugg-new-york-actuCtnId750359.html#">bottes ugg new york</a> <a href="http://www.cefeb.org/html/cefeb/uggpascher/prix-ugg-en-dollars-actuCtnId998356.html#">prix ugg en dollars</a> <a href="http://www.cefeb.org/html/cefeb/uggpascher/ugg-paillette-pas-cher-actuCtnId192902.html#">ugg paillette pas cher</a> <a href="http://www.cefeb.org/html/cefeb/uggpascher/ugg-france-ligne-actuCtnId517855.html#">ugg france ligne</a> <a href="http://www.cefeb.org/html/cefeb/uggpascher/site-ugg-pas-cher-actuCtnId548095.html#">site ugg pas cher</a> <a href="http://www.ffem.fr/html/ffem/monclerpascher/doudoune-moncler-noir-femme-actuCtnId195164.html#">doudoune moncler noir femme</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/canadagoosepascher/contrefacon-canada-goose-actuCtnId223975.html#">contrefacon canada goose</a> <a href="http://www.proparco.fr/html/proparco/uggbottessoldes/vente-uggs-pas-cher-actuCtnId635701.html#">vente uggs pas cher</a> <a href="http://www.proparco.fr/html/proparco/doudounecanadagoosehomme/canada-goose-expedition-femme-prix-suisse-actuCtnId445040.html#">canada goose expedition femme prix suisse</a> <a href="http://www.cefeb.org/html/cefeb/uggpascher/tenue-avec-ugg-actuCtnId916821.html#">tenue avec ugg</a> <a href="http://www.ffem.fr/html/ffem/canadagoosepascher/canada-goose-en-solde-montreal-actuCtnId100005.html#">canada goose en solde montreal</a> <a href="http://www.proparco.fr/html/proparco/uggbottessoldes/ugg-bailey-button-brown-actuCtnId522959.html#">ugg bailey button brown</a> <a href="http://www.proparco.fr/html/proparco/doudounemonclerhomme/doudoune-moncler-femme-2012-actuCtnId949204.html#">doudoune moncler femme 2012</a> <a href="http://www.cefeb.org/html/cefeb/uggpascher/bottes-ugg-pas-cher-net-actuCtnId528974.html#">bottes ugg pas cher net</a> <a href="http://www.ffem.fr/html/ffem/uggbottes/ugg-australia-noir-actuCtnId848539.html#">ugg australia noir</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/canadagoosepascher/canada-goose-vente-en-ligne-actuCtnId133385.html#">canada goose vente en ligne</a> <a href="http://www.ffem.fr/html/ffem/uggbottes/ugg-soldes-homme-actuCtnId771654.html#">ugg soldes homme</a> <a href="http://www.proparco.fr/html/proparco/uggbottessoldes/magasin-bottes-ugg-a-paris-actuCtnId487554.html#">magasin bottes ugg a paris</a> <a href="http://www.proparco.fr/html/proparco/doudounecanadagoosehomme/canada-goose-femme-noir-actuCtnId124658.html#">canada goose femme noir</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/monclerpascher/doudoune-moncler-rouge-femme-actuCtnId10280.html#">doudoune moncler rouge femme</a> <a href="http://www.proparco.fr/html/proparco/doudounemonclerhomme/doudoune-moncler-solde-femme-actuCtnId6172.html#">doudoune moncler solde femme</a> <a href="http://www.proparco.fr/html/proparco/doudounecanadagoosehomme/parka-montebello-canada-goose-pas-cher-homme-actuCtnId43233.html#">parka montebello canada goose pas cher homme</a>
[url=http://www.proparco.fr/html/proparco/doudounecanadagoosehomme/canada-goose-mode-actuCtnId924782.html]canada goose mode[/url]

doudoun moncler homme
doudoun moncler homme says:
Nov 03, 2014 11:48 PM

<a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/mouffles-ugg-actuCtnId699855.html#">mouffles ugg</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/ugg-australia-nightfall-actuCtnId879343.html#">ugg australia nightfall</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/canadagoosepascher/canada-goose-a-new-york-actuCtnId992936.html#">canada goose a new york</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/canadagoosepascher/doudoune-canada-goose-homme-actuCtnId910491.html#">doudoune canada goose homme</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/prix-ugg-angleterre-actuCtnId931957.html#">prix ugg angleterre</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/ugg-bottes-com-actuCtnId410435.html#">ugg bottes com</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/uggs-homme-solde-actuCtnId517636.html#">uggs homme solde</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/vente-ugg-paris-actuCtnId137829.html#">vente ugg paris</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/monclerpascher/enfants-moncler-vestes-en-duvet-actuCtnId761157.html#">enfants moncler vestes en duvet</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/uggpascher-actuCtnId447690.html#">uggpascher</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/canadagoosepascher/doudoune-canada-goose-chilliwack-actuCtnId927520.html#">doudoune canada goose chilliwack</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/monclerpascher/moncler-himalaya-jacke-actuCtnId439315.html#">moncler himalaya jacke</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/bottes-uggs-soldes-actuCtnId998821.html#">bottes uggs soldes</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/canadagoosepascher/canada-goose-pas-cher-actuCtnId923827.html#">canada goose pas cher</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/magasins-ugg-france-actuCtnId102186.html#">magasins ugg france</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/monclerpascher/prix-moncler-branson-actuCtnId920746.html#">prix moncler branson</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/bottes-ugg-classic-short-actuCtnId647737.html#">bottes ugg classic short</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/chaussure-ugg-femme-actuCtnId189360.html#">chaussure ugg femme</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/canadagoosepascher/manteaux-canada-goose-pour-femme-actuCtnId297666.html#">manteaux canada goose pour femme</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/bottes-ugg-soldes-net-actuCtnId188446.html#">bottes ugg soldes net</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/bottes-ugg-boutique-paris-actuCtnId753923.html#">bottes ugg boutique paris</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/canadagoosepascher/doudoune-canada-goose-taille-actuCtnId399091.html#">doudoune canada goose taille</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/canadagoosepascher/canada-goose-manteau-actuCtnId86828.html#">canada goose manteau</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/bottes-uggs-maroc-actuCtnId186068.html#">bottes uggs maroc</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/canadagoosepascher/canada-goose-montreal-prix-actuCtnId941154.html#">canada goose montreal prix</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/canadagoosepascher/canada-goose-chateau-parka-prix-actuCtnId844546.html#">canada goose chateau parka prix</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/ugg-bottes-imitation.txt-actuCtnId912447.html#">ugg bottes imitation.txt</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/canadagoosepascher/veste-canada-goose-homme-pas-cher-actuCtnId899861.html#">veste canada goose homme pas cher</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/canadagoosepascher/acheter-canada-goose-actuCtnId591870.html#">acheter canada goose</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/bottes-ugg-rue-commerce-actuCtnId340024.html#">bottes ugg rue commerce</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/acheter-des-ugg-moins-cher-actuCtnId928345.html#">acheter des ugg moins cher</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/bottes-ugg-prix-actuCtnId181984.html#">bottes ugg prix</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/canadagoosepascher/canada-goose-parka-banff-homme-actuCtnId761848.html#">canada goose parka banff homme</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/bottes-uggs-a-new-york-actuCtnId796970.html#">bottes uggs a new york</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/ugg-by-jimmy-choo-pas-cher-actuCtnId516053.html#">ugg by jimmy choo pas cher</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/prix-ugg-citadium-actuCtnId526539.html#">prix ugg citadium</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/bottes-ugg-talons-actuCtnId373325.html#">bottes ugg talons</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/canadagoosepascher/prix-canada-goose-au-canada-actuCtnId840976.html#">prix canada goose au canada</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/prix-ugg-cardy-actuCtnId552326.html#">prix ugg cardy</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/bottes-ugg-montreal-actuCtnId595298.html#">bottes ugg montreal</a>
doudoun moncler homme http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/monclerpascher/doudoun-moncler-homme-actuCtnId286638.html

cartier tank Replica
cartier tank Replica says:
Nov 08, 2014 11:36 AM

By wearing replica watches they could give in on their desires and yet not burn an excessive amount of money. There isn't chance of being solaced and disappointed through the Replica watches as they'll surely offer you more than everything you expected. This can also be one of the best selling and credit giving types of Replica watches. This suggests that as an alternative of marking each second, the other hand moves swiftly into a number of ticks very well. The exhausted versions in the Pasha will be in 18 carat craven gold, rose gold, stainless-steel, and they are bogus both in men's and some women's models.
[url=http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x297i77_best-sale-louis-fake-cartier-tank-watches-65-off_lifestyle]cartier tank Replica[/url]
<a href="http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x297i77_best-sale-louis-fake-cartier-tank-watches-65-off_lifestyle" title="cartier tank Replica">cartier tank Replica</a>

bailey button triplet
bailey button triplet says:
Nov 09, 2014 11:37 AM

<a href="http://www.clubdespartenaires.fr/annuaire/images/louboutinpascher/christian-louboutin-daffodile-actuCtnId716291.html#">christian louboutin daffodile</a> <a href="http://www.proparco.fr/html/proparco/uggbottessoldes/bottes-ugg-prennent-l'eau-actuCtnId705469.html#">bottes ugg prennent l'eau</a> <a href="http://www.ffem.fr/html/ffem/uggbottes/nouvelle-collection-ugg-actuCtnId68380.html#">nouvelle collection ugg</a> <a href="http://www.ac-paris.fr/annuaire/styles/louboutinpascher/sac-louboutin-prix-actuCtnId545229.html#">sac louboutin prix</a> <a href="http://www.clubdespartenaires.fr/annuaire/images/louboutinpascher/pointure-louboutin-actuCtnId371043.html#">pointure louboutin</a> <a href="http://www.ffem.fr/html/ffem/uggbottes/ugg-impermeable-actuCtnId758627.html#">ugg impermeable</a> <a href="http://www.clubdespartenaires.fr/annuaire/images/louboutinpascher/chaussures-louboutin-film-burlesque-actuCtnId503357.html#">chaussures louboutin film burlesque</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/bottes-uggs-hello-kitty-actuCtnId681234.html#">bottes uggs hello kitty</a> <a href="http://www.clubdespartenaires.fr/annuaire/images/canadagoosedoudoune/canada-goose-whistler-parka-femme-actuCtnId150259.html#">canada goose whistler parka femme</a> <a href="http://www.ac-paris.fr/annuaire/styles/louboutinpascher/modele-louboutin-actuCtnId225336.html#">modele louboutin</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/uggfrench/uggs-pas-cher-en-suisse-actuCtnId349090.html#">uggs pas cher en suisse</a> <a href="http://www.footvip.fr/louboutinpascher/louboutin-homme-shop-actuCtnId34450.html#">louboutin homme shop</a> <a href="http://www.cefeb.org/html/cefeb/uggpascher/bottes-de-neige-femme-actuCtnId961893.html#">bottes de neige femme</a> <a href="http://www.afd.fr/html/afd/canadagoosepascher/veste-goose-canada-actuCtnId638361.html#">veste goose canada</a> <a href="http://www.ac-paris.fr/annuaire/styles/uggbottessoldes/bottes-ugg-noir-actuCtnId532136.html#">bottes ugg noir</a> <a href="http://www.cefeb.org/html/cefeb/uggpascher/bottine-ugg-pas-cher-actuCtnId239567.html#">bottine ugg pas cher</a> <a href="http://www.footvip.fr/louboutinpascher/botte-louboutin-pas-cher-actuCtnId161630.html#">botte louboutin pas cher</a> <a href="http://www.cefeb.org/html/cefeb/uggpascher/bottes-ugg-marseille-actuCtnId673580.html#">bottes ugg marseille</a> <a href="http://www.footvip.fr/uggpascher/ugg-moins-cher-paris-actuCtnId297454.html#">ugg moins cher paris</a> <a href="http://www.ac-paris.fr/annuaire/styles/uggbottessoldes/bottes-ugg-homme-pas-cher-actuCtnId629626.html#">bottes ugg homme pas cher</a> <a href="http://www.ffem.fr/html/ffem/canadagoosepascher/comment-reconnaitre-une-vraie-canada-goose-actuCtnId213665.html#">comment reconnaitre une vraie canada goose</a> <a href="http://www.clubdespartenaires.fr/annuaire/images/saclouisvuittonsolde/sac-vuitton-beaubourg-occasion-actuCtnId394132.html#">sac vuitton beaubourg occasion</a> <a href="http://www.proparco.fr/html/proparco/doudounecanadagoosehomme/canada-goose-lodge-down-hoody-actuCtnId445374.html#">canada goose lodge down hoody</a> <a href="http://www.ac-paris.fr/annuaire/styles/louboutinpascher/louboutin-adresse-magasin-actuCtnId211433.html#">louboutin adresse magasin</a> <a href="http://www.ac-paris.fr/annuaire/styles/louboutinpascher/louboutin-cloute-femme-actuCtnId692859.html#">louboutin cloute femme</a> <a href="http://www.footvip.fr/uggpascher/ugg-bottes-tunisie-actuCtnId804507.html#">ugg bottes tunisie</a> <a href="http://www.ffem.fr/html/ffem/canadagoosepascher/canada-goose-pour-femme-actuCtnId140722.html#">canada goose pour femme</a> <a href="http://www.ac-paris.fr/annuaire/styles/louboutinpascher/christian-louboutin-replica-shoes-actuCtnId26410.html#">christian louboutin replica shoes</a> <a href="http://www.ffem.fr/html/ffem/uggbottes/ugg-belgique-prix-actuCtnId732411.html#">ugg belgique prix</a> <a href="http://www.cefeb.org/html/cefeb/uggpascher/ugg-noir-actuCtnId600933.html#">ugg noir</a> <a href="http://www.clubdespartenaires.fr/annuaire/images/monclerpascher/manteau-homme-moncler-actuCtnId483940.html#">manteau homme moncler</a> <a href="http://www.ac-paris.fr/annuaire/styles/uggbottessoldes/ugg-pas-cher-femme-actuCtnId571110.html#">ugg pas cher femme</a> <a href="http://www.cefeb.org/html/cefeb/uggpascher/acheter-bottes-uggs-paris-actuCtnId528269.html#">acheter bottes uggs paris</a> <a href="http://www.footvip.fr/uggpascher/avis-sur-chaussures-ugg-actuCtnId156725.html#">avis sur chaussures ugg</a> <a href="http://www.clubdespartenaires.fr/annuaire/images/canadagoosedoudoune/doudoune-canada-goose-bleu-actuCtnId787266.html#">doudoune canada goose bleu</a> <a href="http://www.clubdespartenaires.fr/annuaire/images/uggpascher/bottes-ugg-noir-actuCtnId251654.html#">bottes ugg noir</a> <a href="http://www.ac-paris.fr/annuaire/styles/uggbottessoldes/ugg-geneve-pas-cher-actuCtnId281003.html#">ugg geneve pas cher</a> <a href="http://www.clubdespartenaires.fr/annuaire/images/uggpascher/acheter-bottes-ugg-actuCtnId206530.html#">acheter bottes ugg</a> <a href="http://www.clubdespartenaires.fr/annuaire/images/saclouisvuittonsolde/porte-monnai-louis-vuitton-homme-actuCtnId423921.html#">porte monnai louis vuitton homme</a> <a href="http://www.clubdespartenaires.fr/annuaire/images/uggpascher/ugg-dakota-pas-cher-actuCtnId859686.html#">ugg dakota pas cher</a>
bailey button triplet http://www.clubdespartenaires.fr/annuaire/images/uggpascher/bailey-button-triplet-actuCtnId716557.html

Replica Chanel Wallet
Replica Chanel Wallet says:
Dec 02, 2014 09:52 AM

The texture is fairly nice, so would be the handcrafts and details. Because of the popularity and desire, counterfeiters have made a Chanel replica that is certainly similar on the original design. These are slightly expensive, especially work done on chiffon and georgette. A bit of research could save you an incredible deal of money and heartache. I think not all the bosses want to see their staff take untidy or in a mass,even sluggish.
<a href="http://www.youview-box.com/Replica-chanel-wallet_c19" title="Replica Chanel Wallet">Replica Chanel Wallet</a>

www.brainwoodentoys.com
www.brainwoodentoys.com says:
Dec 03, 2014 04:20 AM

In her previous interview, she declared that she is hoping to find the right man in the future in her life. Cartier and America, now through April 18, 2010 on the Legion of Honor Museum, Lincoln Park, 34th Avenue & Clement Street, Tues-Sun, 9:30 to:15, 415-750-3600. That was made by Pantek Phillipe, but for a woman. Some of the company's most common designs range from the Santos, the Tank, the Pasha, and one with the newest and greatest designs, the Cartier Ballon Bleu. About Time - Watches, Fine Pens as well as other Luxuries since 1952.
<a href="http://www.brainwoodentoys.com/" title="www.brainwoodentoys.com">www.brainwoodentoys.com</a>

Replica Spring Summer 2014
Replica Spring Summer 2014 says:
Dec 04, 2014 09:32 AM

To obtain your hands on a Chanel handbag typically takes a trip right down on the nearest Chanel boutique inside area or country. The decal should be covered which includes a rectangle of clear plastic large enough to repay the entire decal on the own. 'This may be the toughest amount of time in Porsha's life,' a resource has revealed. Now how will you identify the real compared using the fake. Also guarantee the model is even around the website ' some vendors are listed fake ones.
<a href="http://www.youview-box.com/Replica-spring-summer-2014_c6" title="Replica Spring Summer 2014">Replica Spring Summer 2014</a>

Replica Chanel Sandals
Replica Chanel Sandals says:
Dec 06, 2014 08:46 AM

When you are looking at the Chanel logo Earrings, it's also easier to keep away through the fake stuff. The velvet body cream will be the perfect alternative on the traditional perfume in the role of both a beautiful fragrance and relief to dry skin. You can flick through a large selection of designer sarees and judge which style would suit you best. Learn the ins and outs of your respective bag so you are able to know if your bag you're buying will be the real thing. An update to this classic and favorite perfume is the ultimate indulgence in body care, Chanel no.
<a href="http://www.youview-box.com/Replica-chanel-sandals_c24" title="Replica Chanel Sandals">Replica Chanel Sandals</a>

www.brainwoodentoys.com
www.brainwoodentoys.com says:
Dec 08, 2014 12:05 PM

In their previous interviews using the members from the movie press, both of these revealed that they may be special. In fact, lots of people love to put on them on special occasions. It contains 2 time zones plus an energy reserve indicator. com has probably the most discounted prices on authentic cartier watches. An inner flange ring bevels into the dial and contains Arabic numbers marking the minutes.
<a href="http://www.brainwoodentoys.com/" title="www.brainwoodentoys.com">www.brainwoodentoys.com</a>

how to keep your bailey button uggs from curling
how to keep your bailey button uggs from curling says:
Dec 10, 2014 01:05 PM

thank you for share!
how to keep your bailey button uggs from curling http://www.thebridgesidney.com/cil/?/how-to-keep-your-bailey-button-uggs-from-curling.php

replica chanel bags
replica chanel bags says:
Dec 13, 2014 09:38 AM

Simple examples listed here: Our Fine Imitation carry the correct tags, serial numbers, dustbag. There isn't any such attire that includes such grace and sophistication with a woman. Typically handbag developments are dictated as to what the celebrities are carrying. She knows she left the impression she was influenced by Kordell,' the origin adds. With a web-based retailer, you can shop from your own home and make time to compare different replica brands.
[url=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XwLnzRbHYzc]replica chanel bags[/url]
<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XwLnzRbHYzc" title="replica chanel bags">replica chanel bags</a>

chanel bags fake
chanel bags fake says:
Dec 14, 2014 07:04 PM

Look for Halloween recipes, decorations, as well as other ways to create a wonderful spooky night. One of Chanel's oldest and a lot beloved beauty fragrances is Chanel no. Do you still recall the movie-The Devil Wears Prada. A bit of research could save you an excellent deal of money and heartache. So long like a small (50X50) usually the Woma scarf, can modifications the style of the many faces of favor.
[url=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XwLnzRbHYzc]chanel bags fake[/url]
<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XwLnzRbHYzc" title="chanel bags fake">chanel bags fake</a>

Add comment

You can add a comment by filling out the form below. Plain text formatting.

SIPRI in the media
Media
 
SIPRI Yearbook data launches 2015

15 Dec. 2014:
 Top 100 arms-producing companies for 2013. Read the press release.

16 Mar. 2015: International arms transfers data for 2014. 

13 Apr. 2015: World military expenditure data for 2014. 

SIPRI's global reach

In 2013, SIPRI was cited in approximately 20 000 media outlets, reaching a potential audience of more than
100 million people in over 130 countries.
 
Download a two-page information sheet (PDF) summarizing SIPRI's communications and outreach activities in 2013.