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Commentary

Essays

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 and the nuclear threats it has made since have driven a new wave of militarization in Europe. Amid rising tensions, this SIPRI Essay argues for caution in the nuclear domain to prevent escalation and maintain a balance in Europe's security landscape.

Climate action is caught in the increasingly volatile push-and-pull between cooperative global governance and great power competition, a fraught dynamic readily apparent in relations between China and the United States. China–US bilateral relations are widely acknowledged as a keystone for international efforts to address climate change.

This SIPRI Essay explores why women’s voices and gender-based vulnerabilities need to be better reflected in space security governance.

The wildfires raging in Canada are yet another reminder that climate change is already having an impact on all our lives. As the smoke clears around the United Nations building in New York, we are likely to see a renewed push for the UN Security Council to tackle the security risks posed by climate change, including in the upcoming New Agenda for Peace policy brief from UN Secretary-General António Guterres.

In this SIPRI Essay, former nuclear inspector Robert Kelley describes how the case for invading Iraq in 2003 was built on false claims about weapons of mass destruction.

WritePeace blog

Small modular reactors may have climate benefits, but they can also be climate-vulnerable

A new generation of nuclear reactors holds the promise of low-carbon energy access for developing countries and remote areas. Designers and planners must take into account the risks and uncertainties of a climate-insecure future.

Is liberal peacebuilding a good fit for Ukraine?

The liberal peacebuilding model, centered on democratic governance, minimal state intervention, and support for individual freedoms, has been a dominant post-Cold War approach to peacebuilding. Exploring its application may offer valuable insights for Ukraine's stabilization and recovery post-war.

War in the breadbasket: Landmines and food security in Ukraine

Russia’s war in Ukraine has not only affected Ukraine's food exports but also its production, with extensive landmine contamination posing a long-term threat to agricultural land, potentially jeopardizing both domestic and international food security.

Is it time to reassess national security spending?

As national security strategies increasingly recognize human and environmental priorities, SIPRI and the UN Institute for Disarmament Research propose a more comprehensive approach to scrutinizing national security spending.

Why peace and localization are key to transforming food systems

In 2022 over a quarter of a billion people were acutely food insecure and required urgent food assistance, in 58 countries or territories. Conflict and insecurity remain the most significant drivers of food insecurity in 19 countries or territories where more than 117 million people face acute food insecurity.

Backgrounders

Both official development assistance and military spending have surged among OECD donor countries since February 2022. What role has Ukraine-related spending had in this rise and how have governments balanced spending priorities?

This topical backgrounder seeks to create a better understanding of current trends in small and micro launchers and how they contribute to missile proliferation risks.

With acute food insecurity on the rise around the world, this topical backgrounder presents four suggestions for making food security programming more cost-effective in a time of funding constraints, climate change and heightened conflict risk.

With heated rhetoric and intensified military activity along its borders with NATO neighbours, what does SIPRI data reveal about the status of Belarus's military?

To mark the International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers, SIPRI is releasing new data on multilateral peace operations in 2022.