The independent resource on global security



This essay presents some suggestions for how a proposed ‘forum for political coordination’ could help to coordinate and plug the gaps in the European Union’s strategic trade controls.

As NATO marks its first 75 years, its core mission has arguably come full circle: deterrence and territorial defence in Europe. Remembering key lessons from cold war diplomacy could help it to navigate the challenges ahead.

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 and the nuclear threats it has made since have driven a new wave of militarization in Europe. Amid rising tensions, this SIPRI Essay argues for caution in the nuclear domain to prevent escalation and maintain a balance in Europe's security landscape.

Climate action is caught in the increasingly volatile push-and-pull between cooperative global governance and great power competition, a fraught dynamic readily apparent in relations between China and the United States. China–US bilateral relations are widely acknowledged as a keystone for international efforts to address climate change.

This SIPRI Essay explores why women’s voices and gender-based vulnerabilities need to be better reflected in space security governance.

WritePeace blog

Climate change and urban violence: A critical knowledge gap

Cities will play a key role in humanity’s future. More than half  of the world’s population (57 per cent) lived in urban areas in 2022 and the share is projected to reach almost 70 per cent by 2050. Cities already feature in the climate change debate for their carbon footprints and, in many cases, leadership and innovation in the green transition. But they are also uniquely vulnerable to climate change.

Water for peace … for now?

This blog examines what it takes to consolidate gains made towards peace by water management projects and thus contribute to sustainable, long-term peace.

Export controls and cyber-surveillance tools: Five suggestions for the Summit for Democracy

Export controls remain the most effective and actively utilized policy response to the risks of proliferation and misuse of cyber-surveillance tools. At the third Summit for Democracy, states have an opportunity to build on work started at last year's summit to strengthen controls.

Small modular reactors may have climate benefits, but they can also be climate-vulnerable

A new generation of nuclear reactors holds the promise of low-carbon energy access for developing countries and remote areas. Designers and planners must take into account the risks and uncertainties of a climate-insecure future.

Is liberal peacebuilding a good fit for Ukraine?

The liberal peacebuilding model, centered on democratic governance, minimal state intervention, and support for individual freedoms, has been a dominant post-Cold War approach to peacebuilding. Exploring its application may offer valuable insights for Ukraine's stabilization and recovery post-war.


SIPRI presents its latest data on multilateral peace operations in 2023. This topical backgrounder summarizes the key findings of the new data along with important developments related to multilateral peace operations during the year.

Chinese and Russian approaches to peacebuilding are part of the evolving and indeed contested landscape of international peace and security. Understanding their impacts requires understanding the similarities and differences between them.

Both official development assistance and military spending have surged among OECD donor countries since February 2022. What role has Ukraine-related spending had in this rise and how have governments balanced spending priorities?

This topical backgrounder seeks to create a better understanding of current trends in small and micro launchers and how they contribute to missile proliferation risks.