The independent resource on global security

Essays

Oct. 09: The NPT Review Conference 2010–looking good but there’s still time to fail

Daniel Nord and SIPRI Deputy Director

In 2005 it seemed impossible that within four years there would be real, substantive discussions in the framework of the 1968 Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) on nuclear issues, including nuclear disarmament; that the UN Security Council would hold a special meeting to discuss nuclear non-prolifera

Oct. 10: Europe’s history offers lessons for today’s security challenges

Göran Lennmarker

Twentieth-century Europe was at several times the most horrific place on earth. Perhaps as many as 100 000 000 people were killed by war and oppression. Two world wars started here. Concentration camps and gulags were used as instruments of utter repression.

The mining ban in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: will soldiers give up the habit?

Ruben de Koning

On 11 September, during a tour of Nord-Kivu province, Congolese President Joseph Kabila announced that all artisanal mineral exploitation in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) was suspended.

The European security architecture two decades after the fall of the Berlin Wall: can Russia be integrated?

Twenty years after the end of the cold war, the need for a sincere and critical effort to review the European security architecture is increasingly recognized on both sides of the Atlantic.

The role of deterrence in future NATO strategy

Dr Ian Anthony

Prior to the recent meeting of NATO foreign ministers in Tallinn, the NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said that the alliance continues to need a credible nuclear deterrent for ‘as long as there are rogue regimes or terrorist groupings that may pose a nuclear threat to us’.

Swedish declaration on the elimination of nuclear weapons

Nuclear weapons kill immediately and kill over time. They cause devastation and environmental disaster. Twenty-five years ago a UN scientific commission warned that even a limited use of existing nuclear weapons could result in a nuclear winter over large areas over the earth.

Playing both sides: how air transport firms profit by shipping arms and aid

and Hugh Griffiths

Incredible as it may seem, traffickers in commodities that help fuel some of the world’s nastiest conflicts—transporting such things as arms, ‘blood diamonds’ and cocaine—also continue to profit from humanitarian aid and UN peacekeeping contracts.

Punishing acts of WMD proliferation: more easily said than done

Dr Sibylle Bauer

Controlling the export of items that have military applications is a key tool in preventing the spread of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).

Coming tests for transatlantic security relations

Gunilla Herolf

A renewed atmosphere of friendship and willingness to cooperate is apparent in relations between Europe and the United States. US Vice-President Joe Biden, in his speech at the 2009 Munich Security Conference, set out the USA’s position: ‘We will engage. We will listen. We will consult.

Mar 09: Japan’s security and defence policy: the more things change . . .

Axel Berkofsky

For a country that has officially renounced armed force as a means of settling international disputes, Japan’s defence and security policy agenda is looking full.