- Armament and disarmament
- Conflict and peace
- Peace and development
Perceptions of threats to security are both individual and shared. Currently, many share concerns about recent developments in Iran and North Korea, while many also see in the new approach of the United States a glimpse of hope.
On 24 February the UN Security Council will debate the issue of organized crime as a threat to international peace. The issue has also been hot in the G8 and regional organizations like the OSCE and ECOWAS. It is also getting a lot of attention in the media.
On 15 September 2009 US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton stated that Venezuela’s recent arms acquisitions outpaced those of any other country in South America and raised questions about whether an arms race was looming in the region.
Although there have been some hopeful signs, overall the world continues to face continuing and growing challenges to security, stability and peace. Contradictions seem to abound.
In 2005 it seemed impossible that within four years there would be real, substantive discussions in the framework of the 1968 Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) on nuclear issues, including nuclear disarmament; that the UN Security Council would hold a special meeting to discuss nuclear non-prolifera
Twentieth-century Europe was at several times the most horrific place on earth. Perhaps as many as 100 000 000 people were killed by war and oppression. Two world wars started here. Concentration camps and gulags were used as instruments of utter repression.