The independent resource on global security

Essays

Future challenges in the monitoring of international arms transfers

Dr Aude Fleurant

Western governments and defence companies are adapting to the effects of the 2008 economic crisis by devising new strategies to increase international arms sales.

Deciphering China’s latest defence budget figures

Dr Sam Perlo-Freeman

On 4 March the Chinese Government presented its 2014 budget to the National People's Congress (NPC), but it does not accurately represent the total amount spent by China on its military.

The role of safeguards in a nuclear weapon-free zone in the Middle East

Tariq Rauf

Safeguards measures play a vital role in international efforts to monitor technologies related to reprocessing and enrichment of nuclear materials.

Balancing transparency and national security

Pieter D. Wezeman and Siemon T. Wezeman

When governments are less than transparent about their military budgets, this has serious ramifications for democracy and security.

China’s economic engagement with North Korea: towards greater conditionality?

Mathieu Duchâtel and Phillip Schell

China plays a central role in international efforts to curb the North Korean nuclear programme, but chooses a strategy of closer economic and political ties rather than of applying sanctions.

How much security can a dollar buy?

Dr Gary Milante

It is easy to measure how much food or fuel a dollar can buy, but how much security can a dollar buy?

Interdependence, not sovereignty, is the key to the development of Russia’s Arctic region

Ekaterina Klimenko

Although strengthening Russia's engagement in the Arctic may be a key building block in the development of the region, an over-emphasis on sovereignty issues risks overlooking the importance of economic and strategic developments beyond the region.

The role of civil society in building peace in Mali

Dr Elisabeth Sköns

Civil society has an important role to play in restoring sustainable peace and security to Mali.

Sep. 13: Calculating the costs of the continuing conflict in Syria

Tilman Brück

The international community, and Western powers in particular, appear to have pulled back from the brink of a military intervention in Syria in response to the alleged use of chemical weapons by the regime of Syrian President Bashir al-Assad. However, the threat of a direct intervention in the conflict in Syria, which has already claimed over 100 000 lives, remains real. Now, more than ever, we need to understand the real costs of war and the benefits of peace. 

July/Aug. 13: Protection of civilians: time to rethink the concept

Dr Jaïr van der Lijn

In November 2013 the United Nations Secretary-General is expected to release his next report on the protection of civilians (POC) in armed conflict. With the ongoing debates in anticipation of the report, and as the 20th anniversary of the 1994 Rwandan genocide approaches, now is the time to reflect on what the concept of POC has achieved so far, and how its implementation needs to be adjusted.