- Armament and disarmament
- Conflict, peace and security
- Peace and development
Once a conflict is over and humanitarian aid leaves, how are people fed, livelihoods secure and market access improved?
The recent additional sanctions against North Korea and Iran are unlikley to change these regimes' policies and could hav enegative effects if they hurt citizens rather than the powerful elite.
Piracy is a response to the incentives provided to pirates and ridding piracy will require creating incentives to disengage from piracy activities.
The deployment of UN peacekeepers in South Sudan is associated with higher cereal production between 2008–11, suggesting peacekeeping missions can help to secure food security.
Although climate change is defined using environmental terms, it should be understood in a comprehensive framework taking into account conflict, food security and health. The official definition, according to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is 'a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods'. Yet this masks the wider set of issues within the climate debate – the ways in which climate change endangers livelihoods and threatens peace through climate-induced resource conflicts.