Appendix 4A. Military expenditure data, 2001–10
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Appendix 4A contains tables of military expenditure by region, country and income group, in local currency and constant dollars, and as a share of GDP for the period 2001–10.
Military expenditure in 2010 increased by 1.3 per cent in real terms to reach $1630 billion. The slower rate of increase compared to previous years is partly due to the delayed effects of the global economic crisis.
Military spending grew most rapidly in South America (5.8 per cent), Africa (5.2 per cent) and Oceania (4.1 per cent). Across Asia and Oceania the increase was only 1.4 per cent, one of the lowest rates in recent years, while military spending fell in Europe, by 2.8 per cent.
Military expenditure, by region, 2010
| Sub-Saharan Africa
|Central America and the Caribbean||6.5|
|Asia and Oceania||317
|Central and South Asia||51.2|
|South East Asia||28.7|
|Western and Central||316
The spending figures are in current (2010) US dollars.
The top 10 military spenders, 2010
[ ] = SIPRI estimate. The spending figures are in current (2010) US dollars.
The 10 largest military spenders in 2010 accounted for 75 per cent of world military spending. The USA alone accounted for 43 per cent, far more than China in second place.
The share of their GDPs that the major spenders devoted to military spending (the military burden) varied considerably, from just 1.0 per cent in the case of Japan to 10.4 per cent for Saudi Arabia. However, only 3 of the top 10 spenders—Russia, Saudi Arabia and the USA—have military burdens above the global average of 2.6 per cent.
This data is obtained from the SIPRI Military Expenditure Database.