Appendix 5A. Military expenditure data, 2000–2009

SAM PERLO-FREEMAN, OLAWALE ISMAIL, NOEL KELLY AND CARINA SOLMIRANO

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Appendix 5A contains tables of military expenditure by region, country and income group, in local currency and constant dollars, and as a share of GDP for the period 2000–2009.

Summary

Military expenditure, 2000–2009
Yearbook 2010, Chapter 5, figure 1

To allow comparison over time, the figures in the bar chart are in US dollars at constant (2008) prices.

Military expenditure, by region, 2009

Region
Spending
($ b.)
Africa 27.4
  North Africa 10.0
  Sub-Saharan Africa
17.4
Americas 738  
  Central America
    and the Caribbean
5.6
  North America 680  
  South America 51.8
Asia and Oceania 276  
  Central Asia . .  
  East Asia 210  
  Oceania 20.4
  South Asia 44.0
Europe 386  
  Eastern 60.0
  Western and Central 326  
Middle East 103  
World total
1531  

The spending figures are in current (2009) US dollars.

The 10 largest military spenders in 2009 accounted for 75 per cent of world military spending, with the USA alone accounting for 43 per cent. While the identities of the top spenders have not changed in recent years, their relative rankings have, with European countries falling down the ranking.

The top 10 military spenders, 2009

Rank

Country
Spending
($ b.)
World
share (%)
  1 USA 661    
43
  2 China [100] [6.8]
  3 France 63.9 
4.2
  4 UK 58.3 
3.8
  5 Russia [53.3] [3.5]
  6 Japan 51.0 
3.3
  7 Germany 45.6 
3.0
  8 Saudi Arabia
41.3 
2.7
  9 India
36.3 
2.4
10 Italy 35.8    
2.3
  World total
1531    
 

[ ] = SIPRI estimate. The spending figures are in current (2009) US dollars.

SIPRI military expenditure figures are based on information available in open sources, primarily supplied by governments. They represent a low estimate; the true level of military spending is certainly higher, due to omitted countries and items of spending. Nonetheless, SIPRI estimates capture the great majority of global military spending and accurately represent overall trends.

 

This data is obtained from the SIPRI Military Expenditure Database.

SIPRI Yearbook 2010 cover

SIPRI Yearbook Online
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