The use of chemical weapons in the 1935–36 Italo-Ethiopian War

Italy used chemical weapons in the 1935-1936 Second Italo-Abyssinian War. This project paper provides an overview of the political, legal and technical aspects of this conflict partly by reviewing selected primary sources, including League of Nations documents. Although old conventional munitions, including those dating to World War II have periodically been recovered in Ethiopia (the former Abyssinia), there is no confirmation that chemical weapons remain on its territory. Both states are parties to the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention which requires that chemical weapons abandoned by a state after 1 January 1925 on the territory of another state without the consent of the latter should be declared and verifiably destroyed. If chemical munitions were to be uncovered, the concerned parties would certainly undertake to consult each other, including in the framework of the CWC, on the appropriate measures to be taken. Lina Grip is completing a masters degree at Stockholm University and is a former intern at SIPRI. John Hart is a Senior Researcher at SIPRI.

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