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Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
SIPRI Update: Global Security & Arms Control
Issues, events and publications in conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament

October 2012

In this issue:

 
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ESSAY

Harmony or discord? Foreign policy implications of China's upcoming Party Congress

Mathieu Duchâtel and Oliver Bräuner
With China's foreign relations looking increasingly troubled, Mathieu Duchâtel and Oliver Bräuner of SIPRI's China and Global Security Programme examine what is at stake for China's neighbours and the international community as the Party prepares to select its next generation of leaders.

Read it here

 
NEWS  

SIPRI statement on the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize


SIPRI warmly congratulates the European Union, and all its citizens, on being awarded the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize. At a moment of rising economic and political uncertainty within the EU and unfolding violent conflicts and humanitarian crises on its doorstep, the decision of the Nobel Committee is a valuable reminder of the EU’s purpose and positive achievements.


Read the full statement. Download a summary of SIPRI's data on the European Union (PDF).
Image: The Nobel Peace Prize Medal
The Nobel Peace Prize Medal
NEWS  

SIPRI expert comment on Turkey's interception of a Syrian passenger aircraft


The interception on 10 October 2012 of a Syrian passenger aircraft travelling from Moscow to Damascus was the latest in a long line of actions taken by Turkey to stem the flow of arms across its territory. Given the current international impasse over the conflict in Syria, practical measures such as the interception of aircraft will become increasingly important for states seeking to restrict Syrian Government forces' access to military-related goods from external sources.

Read the expert comment by SIPRI Researcher Edin Omanovic.
Image: Edin Omanovic
Edin Omanovic
NEWS  

Mongolia's President talks about democracy, security and cooperation


On October 9 International IDEA and SIPRI were pleased to present a lecture by His Excellency Mr Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj, President of Mongolia. President Elbegdorj spoke about Mongolia's democratic development, as well as the future political and security challenges facing the country. Watch an interview with him on SIPRI's Youtube channel.
Image: President Elbegdorj of Mongolia
NEWS  

Mexican perspectives on non-proliferation and disarmament


Ambassador Juan Manuel Gómez-Robledo, Mexico’s Deputy Foreign Minister for Multilateral Affairs and Human Rights since 2006, visited SIPRI to discuss the thinking behind Mexico’s current drive to become a more active participant in global non-proliferation efforts. Watch an interview with him on SIPRI's YouTube channel.
Image: Ambassador Juan Manuel Gómez-Robledo
NEWS  

SIPRI to host 17th Annual International Conference on Economics and Security: call for papers


SIPRI is pleased to announce that the 17th Annual International Conference on Economics and Security will be held at SIPRI in Stockholm, Sweden on 14 and 15 June 2013. The conference is co-organized by SIPRI with Economists for Peace and Security and will cover a wide range of topics relating to the economics and political economy of conflict, peace, security, military expenditure and armaments. Please email titles and abstracts (max 300 words) to Sam Perlo-Freeman before 1 April 2013. Read more about the conference.
Image: the Economists for Peace and Security logo
EVENTS AND ACTIVITIES

Upcoming SIPRI events and activities

30–31 Oct.
Addis Ababa
  SIPRI Expert Seminar on Monitoring Illicit Arms Flows: Supporting Actors in Peacekeeping Environments
SIPRI's Countering Illicit Trafficking–Mechanism Assessment Projects (CIT-MAP) is organizing an expert seminar on arms trafficking and supporting actors in peacekeeping environments that will bring arms trafficking investigators, United Nations sanctions monitors and civil aviation experts together with African Union (AU) and UN officials working in peace operations in Côte d'Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, Somalia and Sudan. For further information visit the CIT–MAP page on the SIPRI website or email the organizers.
  
1–3 Nov.
Washington, DC
  The Missing Peace: Sexual Violence in Conflict and Post-conflict Settings
The United States Institute of Peace (USIP), the Human Rights Center at the University of California, Berkeley, the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) and SIPRI North America will convene a group of scholars, policymakers, practitioners, and military and civil society actors to examine the issue of sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict settings. The group will identify gaps in knowledge and reporting, and explore how to increase the effectiveness of current responses to such violence. The keynote speaker will be Zainab Hawa Bangura, UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict. The symposium, which will also feature a young scholar exchange forum, will be broadcast via the Internet. Resources for both participants and media are available online.

  

Recent SIPRI events and activities

1–2 Oct.
Kuwait

  Image: SIPRI Senior Researcher Siemon D. Wezeman speaks at a seminar in Kuwait City.

SIPRI researcher presents on transparency
SIPRI Senior Researcher Pieter D. Wezeman attended a seminar in Kuwait City on the subject of transparency in security and defence. The seminar was organized by the Kuwait Transparency Society. Wezeman gave a presentation on the widespread availability of information on arms procurement despite efforts by many governments to shield such information from civil society due to concerns that publishing it could damage national security. Read more about the seminar or contact Pieter Wezeman for more information.


  
17–18 Oct.
Athens, GA
  SIPRI researcher gives talks on strategic trade controls
Aaron Dunne, Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Dual-use and Arms Trade Control Programme, gave lectures and contributed to a panel discussion at the Security and Strategic Trade Management Academy within the Centre for International Trade and Security at the University of Georgia. He gave two talks—‘Information and risk management for strategic trade controls’ and ‘Strategies, system optimization and performance management for strategic trade controls’—and also participated in a panel entitled ‘Improving coordination among the nonproliferators’. For more information contact Aaron Dunne.

  
11–12 Oct.
Shanghai
  SIPRI China expert presents at Central Asia conference
SIPRI Senior Researcher Bernt Berger participated in a joint conference held by the German Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung and the Center for Russian Studies at the East China Normal University. The theme of the conference was 'Central Asia: convergence and cooperation among great powers'. Berger gave a presentation on the strategic interests and role of the United States in the region and the consequences for China. For more information contact Bernt Berger.

  
2 Oct.
Washington, DC

  Women, Peace and Security in Afghanistan
Dr Chantal de Jonge Oudraat, Executive Director of SIPRI North America, moderated the Women, Peace and Security in Afghanistan event hosted by Women in International Security (WIIS) at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Dr de Jonge Oudraat was joined by Mahbouba Seraj, founder and Director of the Organization for Research in Peace and Solidarity, and Hasina Safi, Executive Director of the Afghanistan Women’s Education Centre. The panelists discussed current and future security challenges and opportunities facing Afghan women, including their representation and participation in politics, economics and social development. For more information contact WIIS.

  
28 Sep. Helsinki
  SIPRI researchers give presentation on the new geopolitics of peacekeeping
Dr Neil Melvin, Director of the SIPRI Armed Conflict and Conflict Management Programme, along with SIPRI Senior Researcher Sharon Wiharta and Research Assistant Xenia Azevov, presented a report on the emerging landscape of peace operations at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs. Read more about SIPRI's New Geopolitics of Peacekeeping project, or read a summary of the event.

  
21 Sep.
Malmö, Sweden
  SIPRI researcher discusses militarization in peacetime
On the occasion of the International Day of Peace, Dr Susan T. Jackson, Senior Researcher and head of the SIPRI Arms Production project, gave a talk at the Malmö City Library on the subject of militarization in peacetime. Contact Susan T. Jackson for more information.
      
 
 
20–21 Sep.
Warsaw
  SIPRI researcher presents at China–Europe conference
SIPRI Senior Researcher Bernt Berger participated in the annual invitation-only conference commemorating the late Bronislaw Geremek, Polish Foreign Minister between 1997 and 2000. The title of this year's event was China–Europe: New Quality of Relationships. Berger gave a presentation on the disconnect between public and policymakers' perceptions of China–EU relations. Read more about the event.
 
  
MEDIA

SIPRI in the media

Göran Lennmarker, Chair of the SIPRI Governing Board, was quoted in an article in Trend.az on Azerbaijan.

A number of SIPRI experts were quoted in the media on the subject of Turkey’s interception of a Syrian passenger aircraft. Hugh Griffiths spoke to the Wall Street Journal, while Edin Omanovic and Pieter Wezeman were quoted in two separate Associated Press pieces. Omanovic’s expert comment on the issue was republished by Public Service Europe and Defence Web.

Bernt Berger was quoted in an article in Slovakian outlet Spravy Pravda on China issues.

Pieter Wezeman
also commented on Israeli arms transfers to Libya for the Danish newspaper Politiken.

Kristofer Bergh was quoted in a New York Times article on Arctic issues that was later featured on the Colbert Report.

SIPRI’s statement on the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize laureate was reprinted by the Swedish Wire.

Siemon Wezeman discussed Japan's air force modernization for Flightglobal.

Sam Perlo-Freeman was quoted in a Reuters article on Asian defence spending.

Shannon Kile was quoted in a Reuters article on Iran.

PUBLICATIONS

Recent publications

SIPRI 

SIPRI Yearbook 2012: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security
The 43rd edition of the SIPRI Yearbook includes coverage of developments during 2011 in armed conflicts, multilateral peace operations, military expenditure, arms production, international arms transfers, world nuclear forces and fissile material stocks, nuclear arms control and non-proliferation, reduction of security threats from chemical and biological materials, conventional arms control, controls on security-related international transfers and multilateral arms embargoes. Read more or order a copy.

   
report SIPRI Policy Paper
Verifying a Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty: Technical and Organizational Considerations

Shannon N. Kile and Robert E. Kelley
The renewed momentum behind international efforts to negotiate a fissile material cut-off treaty (FMCT) has focused attention on how the proposed ban on the production of fissile material will be verified: what type of organization should be given this responsibility and what technical expertise will it require? The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is often identified as the obvious choice for this role, given its long experience in implementing nuclear safeguards agreements. Many of the tools and procedures developed by the IAEA for safeguards purposes could be directly applied to verifying a future FMCT. However, without changes to its existing safeguards mandate and practices, the IAEA would be hindered in verifying treaty compliance in the nuclear weapon-possessing states. This Policy Paper proposes an alternative arrangement that, while taking advantage of the IAEA's experience and expertise, creates a verification body tailored specifically for an FMCT with the requisite legal mandate and technical capabilities. Download the Policy Paper.
   
 report 

SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security
Implementing an arms trade treaty: mapping assistance to strengthen arms transfer controls

Paul Holtom and Mark Bromley
It is widely recognized that many states parties to an arms trade treaty (ATT) will need assistance to fulfil their treaty obligations. The creation of an ATT will require the expansion of existing assistance programmes as well as the development of new approaches and efforts specifically designed to assist states with treaty implementation. Understanding the strengths and weaknesses of existing assistance could help to ensure that mistakes made under other instruments are not repeated and enable actors to draw on existing good practices. This paper therefore maps existing assistance efforts aimed at strengthening transfer controls for conventional arms, dual-use goods or small arms and light weapons (SALW). Download the Insights paper.

   
 

More publications

   
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Other publications

Grip, L., 'The role of the European Union in delivering Resolution 1540 implementation assistance', Non-proliferation Paper No. 22, Oct. 2012, 18 p.

Hart, J. and Trapp, R., 'Science, technology, and the Biological Weapons Convention', Arms Control Today, vol. 42 (Oct. 2012), pp. 15-21.

Patton, T., 'Combining satellite imagery and 3D drawing tools for nonproliferation analysis: a case study of Pakistan's Khushab plutonium production reactors', Science and Global Security, vol. 20, nos 2–3 (2012), pp. 117–140.

  © SIPRI 2012. ISSN 1654-8264. Contact SIPRI by email: sipri@sipri.org; telephone: +46 8/655 97 00; fax: +46 8/655 97 33;
or post: SIPRI, Signalistgatan 9, SE-169 70 Solna, Sweden, or visit us online at www.sipri.org