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Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
SIPRI Update: Global Security & Arms Control
Issues, events and publications in conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament

March 2013

In this issue:

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Will the arms trade treaty be stuck in the past?

Tilman Brück and Paul Holtom
With two days of talks to go, the draft of the arms trade treaty (ATT) being negotiated in the UN looks dangerously likely to be a relic before it ever comes into force. Several elements are needed in the text before a treaty is signed.

Read the essay.


China replaces the United Kingdom as world’s fifth largest arms exporter

China has become the fifth largest exporter of major conventional arms, according to new data on international arms transfers published by SIPRI on 18 March. This is the first time China has been in the top five arms exporters since the end of the cold war. Overall, the volume of international transfers of major conventional weapons grew by 17 per cent between 2003–2007 and 2008–12. Read the press release in English, and in Catalan, French, Spanish and Swedish. A SIPRI Fact Sheet is available summarizing the data (see Recent publications below) and you can access SIPRI's data on recent trends in international arms transfers.
Image title
Graph showing the market shares of the top 5 arms exporters, 2008-12

The challenge of implementing the new sanctions against North Korea

Following North Korea’s third nuclear test explosion on 12 February, and after three weeks of negotiations, the United Nations Security Council has agreed on a new round of sanctions against North Korea. The latest sanctions strengthen measures in existing Security Council resolutions by making some mandatory and extending the scope of others. However, the strength of the new sanctions will depend on the willingness and resources of the states being asked to enforce them. Read the expert comment by SIPRI Researcher Lawrence Dermody. This expert comment was picked up by Strategic Defence Intelligence and the Wall Street Journal Corruption Currents blog.
Lawrence Dermody Lawrence Dermody

SIPRI Yearbook 2012 in Ukrainian

The Razumkov Centre launched the Ukrainian translation of SIPRI Yearbook 2012 at a press conference in Kyiv on 20 March. Download a PDF of the Ukrainian translation or read more about editions of the SIPRI Yearbook in other languages. For more information contact the Razumkov Centre.
Launch of the Ukrainian translation of SIPRI Yearbook 2012
Launch of the Ukrainian translation of
SIPRI Yearbook 2012

SIPRI North America partners with Women in International Security

SIPRI North America is pleased to announce a new partnership with Women in International Security (WIIS). WIIS is the only global network actively advancing women’s leadership, at all stages of their careers, in the international peace and security field. It has more than 7000 members in 47 countries. It produces ground-breaking research on women in peace and security careers and fosters women’s leadership development and mentoring support. As of 18 January 2013, WIIS is located in the SIPRI NA offices in Washington, DC. For more information on WIIS contact Dr Chantal de Jonge Oudraat, or visit the WIIS website.

Save the dates: SIPRI Yearbook launches 2013

  • 15 April 2013: Launch of SIPRI's world military expenditure data—comprehensive information on global, regional and national trends in military spending.
  • 3 June 2013: Launch of SIPRI Yearbook 2013—cutting-edge information and analysis on developments in armaments, disarmament and international security.

Contact SIPRI Communications Director Stephanie Blenckner for more information. Download a summary of SIPRI Yearbook 2012.
Image: SIPRI Yearbook 2013 preview

Upcoming SIPRI events and activities

18–19 Apr.
  SIPRI conference: China’s Foreign and Security Policy
SIPRI will host a conference on the Hu Jintao decade in Chinese foreign policy, 2002–2012. Read the draft agenda and for more information about the conference contact Mathieu Duchâtel.
14–15 June
  17th Annual International Conference on Economics and Security
SIPRI is pleased to announce that the 17th Annual International Conference on Economics and Security will be held at SIPRI in Stockholm. The conference is co-organized by SIPRI and Economists for Peace and Security and will cover a wide range of topics relating to the economics and political economy of conflict, peace, security, military expenditure and armaments. The organizers have issued a call for papers on these subjects. Eemail titles and abstracts (max. 300 words) to Sam Perlo-Freeman before 1 April. Read more about the conference.

Recent SIPRI events and activities

18, 22, 25 Mar.
New York
  SIPRI expert presents new arms transfer data at arms trade treaty negotiations
Paul Holtom, Director of the SIPRI Arms Transfers Programme, presented the latest SIPRI data on international arms transfers at a side event to the final UN Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). The seminar, entitled Transfers, Transparency and the ATT, was co-organized by the UN Office for Disarmament Affairs, the German and Swedish permanent missions to the UN, Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung and SIPRI. The event highlighted how transparency in the international arms trade can help states fulfil the goals and objectives of the ATT and deliver a treaty that can make a meaningful impact on peace, security and stability. The UN High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, Angela Kane, gave opening remarks and the seminar was chaired by the head of the Swedish delegation to the ATT conference, Amassador Paul Beijer. Read about the seminar or contact Paul Holtom or Volker Lehmann, Senior Policy Analyst, FES New York for more information.

Holtom also presented at two other ATT conference side events: on measures that can be taken by importing states to prevent the risk of diversion of conventional arms and ammunition at a meeting entitled Preventing Diversion through the Arms Trade Treaty on 22 March; and on public reporting on international arms transfers at a seminar on 25 March, Visualising the Small Arms Trade: The Need for Transparency in the Arms Trade Treaty. For more information contact Paul Holtom.
19 Mar.
  SIPRI researcher presents maritime security findings at the European Parliament
SIPRI Senior Researcher Hugh Griffiths, Head of the Countering Illicit Trafficking-Mechanism Assessment Projects (CIT-MAP), spoke at a public hearing at the European Parliament organized by the Parliament's Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Security and Defence (SEDE). The hearing was dedicated to the maritime security dimension of the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). Griffiths presented SIPRI research on maritime security with a focus on illicit flows of goods transported by sea and the role that European Union institutions could play in monitoring and controlling ships involved in illicit trade as part of an EU maritime security strategy (MSS). Griffiths shared the platform with Member of the European Parliament (MEP) Arnold Danjean, Chairman of the SEDE; Dr Tiago Pitta e Cunha, Counsellor to the Portugese President on Maritime Affairs; and Vice Admiral (retd) Lutz Feldt, former chief of staff of the German Navy. The public hearing provided a forum for MEPs, members of the public and other interested parties to discuss the European Parliament's draft report on maritime security supporting the adoption of an EU MSS. Contact Hugh Griffiths for more information.
18-19 Mar.
  SIPRI co-organizes Trans-Arctic conference
The foreign ministers of Iceland and Sweden delivered keynote addresses at a high-level seminar on Arctic issues co-organized by SIPRI and the Institute for International Affairs' Centre for Arctic Policy Studies at the University of Iceland (IIA/CAPS). The conference, entitled The Trans-Arctic Agenda: Challenges of Development and Security Cooperation, looked at governance issues and cooperation among Arctic stakeholders. It brought together experts and policymakers from all the large and small nations most interested in Arctic developments. Read more about the event or contact Kristofer Bergh for more information.
11 Mar.
  SIPRI Director talks on the economics of conflict, insecurity and development
SIPRI Director Tilman Brück gave a talk at the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (RCSS) on the economics of conflict, insecurity and development. The event was co-hosted by SIPRI Deputy Chairman Jayantha Dhanapala and Dr Mallika Joseph, Executive Director of the RCSS. The presentation was part of the newly established RCSS-Adenauer Discussion Forum series. The audience comprised members of the diplomatic, academic and NGO communities. Read some press coverage of the event.
7 Mar.
  SIPRI expert talks at seminar on openness and transparency in defence and security policy
SIPRI Senior Researcher Mark Bromley presented at a seminar organized by the Swedish Christian Democrat and Green parties, the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) and the Swedish Peace and Arbitration Society (Svenska Freds). The seminar was held at the Swedish Parliament and focused on levels of transparency in defence and security policy. Bromley spoke about the levels of transparency in the international arms trade and Sweden's arms exports. Contact Mark Bromley for more information.
4 Mar.
Washington, DC
  Seminar on the regional dimension of stability in Afghanistan and its neighbourhood
The SIPRI Armed Conflict and Conflict Management Programme held a seminar on the regional dimension of stability in Afghanistan and its neighbourhood. The event was held at the offices of SIPRI North America. The keynote speech was delivered by Afghanistan's Ambassador to the United States, H E Eklil Ahmad Hakimi. The seminar was attended by experts from Washington's policy community. Contact Theresa Höghammar for further information.
21 Feb.,
26-27 Feb., 14-15 Mar.
Podgorica, Zagreb and Kuala Lumpur
  SIPRI expert presents at seminars on issues related to strategic trade controls
SIPRI Researcher Ivana Mićić of the SIPRI Dual-use and Arms Trade Control Programme facilitated or presented at three seminars on issues related to strategic trade controls. At the first, in Montenegro, on the concept of industry outreach, Mićić spoke on the role of different ministries and government agencies in industry outreach. At the second, in Croatia, focusing on the enforcement of dual-use export control law, Mićić presented on the role of customs. In the seminar in Malaysia, on company audits, Mićić acted as facilitator. The seminars were hosted by the respective countries’ governments, in cooperation with the EU programme Cooperation in Dual-use Export Control, with the support of officials from EU member states (Germany, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Sweden and the UK). Read more about EU Cooperation in Dual-Use Export Control or contact Ivana Mićić.
28 Feb.
  SIPRI expert addresses Pax Nordica seminar on developments in military technology
SIPRI Senior Researcher Siemon T. Wezeman of the SIPRI Arms Transfers Programme gave a presentation on weapons used in current conflicts at the Pax Nordica 2013 seminar Developments in Military Technology: Threatening or Promising. The Pax Nordica annual seminars are organized by the Department of Political Science at the University of Umeå. Read more information about the seminar or contact Siemon Wezeman for more information.
26-28 Feb.
  SIPRI researcher participates in the Asian Export Control Seminar
SIPRI Researcher Andrea Viski took part in the Asian Export Control Seminar, co-organized by the Center for Information on Security Trade Control (CISTEC) and the Japanese ministries of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) and Foreign Affairs (MOF). The seminar aimed to raise regional awareness of the importance of the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and the role of trade controls and to help consolidate regional trade-control capabilities. Contact Andrea Viski for more information.

SIPRI in the media

The launch of the latest SIPRI arms transfers data was covered in more than 2800 media outlets globally. Contact SIPRI Communications Director Stephanie Blenckner for a detailed report.

The visit of a SIPRI delegation, including Chairman Göran Lennmarker and Director Tilman Brück, to Asia was mentioned in the Jakarta Post and Voice of Indonesia News with further coverage of Tilman Brück in the Asian Tribune and Sri Lanka Island.

Hugh Griffiths was quoted in a front page story in the New York Times highlighting a well-organized clandestine military airlift to the Syrian rebels that was reported for the first time in detail, along with an associated map. Over 100 media outlets subsequently reported on the operation, including Agence France Press, The Guardian and the BBC World Service.

Sam Perlo-Freeman commented on the Chinese military budget for the China Daily.

Pieter D. Wezeman commented on the apparent use of Swedish weapons in the conflict in Syria despite the EU arms embargo against the country for the Swedish TV 4 (in Swedish, except for Wezeman's remarks at around 2:30).

Mathieu Duchâtel commented on the Chinese Party Congress for Le Monde and Voice of Russia.

No staff news or vacancies this month.

Recent publications

Image title   SIPRI Fact Sheet
Trends in international arms transfers, 2012
Paul Holtom, Mark Bromley, Pieter D. Wezeman and Siemon T. Wezeman
The SIPRI Arms Transfers Database now contains information on all international transfers of major conventional weapons from 1950 to the end of 2012. It is the only publicly available resource providing consistent data on international arms transfers for this length of time. This Fact Sheet describes the trends in international arms transfers that are revealed by the new data. It lists the main suppliers and recipients for the period 2008–12 and describes the changes in regional trends.
Download the Fact Sheet.
Image title   SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security
Arms trade control capacity building: lessons from dual-use trade controls
Sibylle Bauer
For any multilateral arms trade controls regime to be effective, there must be capacity-building cooperation between the participating states—to share learning, to coordinate efforts and, most importantly, to help states with less developed trade control systems to bring their controls up to standard. Many of the lessons learned in dual-use trade control capacity-building are directly applicable, or at least instructive, for the conventional arms field. This paper seeks to identify and elaborate the most important transferable lessons from dual-use trade control capacity-building cooperation with a view to informing the ongoing negotiations towards a global arms trade treaty.
Download the Insights paper.
Image title   SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security
Transfers of small arms and light weapons to fragile states: strengthening oversight and control
Mark Bromley, Lawrence Dermody, Hugh Griffiths, Paul Holtom and Michael Jenks
The need for security forces in a fragile state to be adequately trained and equipped is recognized as a precondition for stability and development. However, supplying arms to security forces in fragile states can contribute to armed conflict and instability. The risks associated with supplying arms and ammunition to fragile states, include the risk that the arms will be diverted to actors seeking to undermine stabilization efforts; the risk that the arms will contribute to the renewal or intensification of armed conflict; and the risk of corruption in the transaction. Download the Insights paper.
Chronology of armaments, disarmament and international security 2012

Nenne Bodell
This chronology lists the significant events in 2012 related to armaments, disarmament and international security. In addition to the headline-grabbing events, it also records the less publicized, but no less important, advances and setbacks in arms controls and international security. Download the Fact Sheet

SIPRI Yearbook 2012: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security
The 43rd edition of the SIPRI Yearbook includes coverage of developments during 2011 in armed conflicts, multilateral peace operations, military expenditure, arms production, international arms transfers, world nuclear forces and fissile material stocks, nuclear arms control and non-proliferation, reduction of security threats from chemical and biological materials, conventional arms control, controls on security-related international transfers and multilateral arms embargoes. Read an online summary of SIPRI Yearbook 2012 or order a copy.


More publications

Other publications

Brück, T. et al., 'Household survey data for research on well-being and behavior in Central Asia', Journal of Comparative Economics, vol. 41, no. 2 (proof online Mar. 2013).

Duchâtel, M., Delamotte, G. and Zins, M. J., Le Monde vu d'Asie: Ouvrage collectif sous la direction de Jean-Marie Bouissou, Editions Philippe Picquier, Mar. 2013.

Patton, P., Podvig P. and Schell, P., A New START Model for Transparency in Nuclear Disarmament, United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR), Mar. 2013.

  © SIPRI 2013. ISSN 1654-8264.
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